Summary information and primary citation
- 4da4; SNAP-derived features in text and JSON formats;
- X-ray (2.6 Å)
- Structure of mouse dnmt1 (731-1602) bound to hemimethylated cpg DNA
- Song J, Teplova M, Ishibe-Murakami S, Patel DJ (2012): "Structure-Based Mechanistic Insights into DNMT1-Mediated Maintenance DNA Methylation." Science, 335, 709-712. doi: 10.1126/science.1214453.
- DNMT1, the major maintenance DNA methyltransferase in animals, helps to regulate gene expression, genome imprinting, and X-chromosome inactivation. We report on the crystal structure of a productive covalent mouse DNMT1(731-1602)-DNA complex containing a central hemimethylated CpG site. The methyl group of methylcytosine is positioned within a shallow hydrophobic concave surface, whereas the cytosine on the target strand is looped out and covalently anchored within the catalytic pocket. The DNA is distorted at the hemimethylated CpG step, with side chains from catalytic and recognition loops inserting through both grooves to fill an intercalation-type cavity associated with a dual base flip-out on partner strands. Structural and biochemical data establish how a combination of active and autoinhibitory mechanisms ensures the high fidelity of DNMT1-mediated maintenance DNA methylation.
- The contacts include paired nucleotides (mostly a G in Watson-Crick G-C pairing), and
amino-acids within a 4.5-A distance cutoff to base atoms of 5mC.
- The structure is oriented in the base reference frame of 5mC, allowing for easy comparison
and direct superimposition between entries.
- The black sphere (•) denotes the 5-methyl carbon atom in 5mC.
|No. 1 C.5CM6:
stacking-with-A.TRP1512 is-WC-paired is-in-duplex [+]:CcG/GGG
|No. 2 E.5CM6:
stacking-with-B.TRP1512 is-WC-paired is-in-duplex [+]:CcG/GGG